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Publication ethics


Publication ethics are the guidelines that are developed to ensure world-class scientific publications, public's faith in scientific research, and proper credit for authors' original ideas and work.


The Publication Ethics Policy of ‘Nyayavimarsha’ is based on the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and Nyayavimarsha Journal’s guidelines on Ethical Legal and Social Research.

Nyayavimarsha is committed to publishing the highest standards of publication ethics and takes all possible measures against any publication malpractices. All the members of the Advisory Board, Editorial Board, Reviewers, Authors, Co-Authors, Readers, and contributors should follow these ethical policies working once with Nyayavimarsha.

Publication Decisions

The Editor of the Nyayavimarsha is responsible for deciding which of the submitted articles to the journal should be published and the editorial board takes/makes the final decision about the articles to be published. The editor is guided by the magazine's editorial policy, and the editor is bound by such legal requirements that apply to defamation, copyright, infringement, and plagiarism. The Editor may confer with the editorial board or their reviewers in decision making.

Fair Play

An editor at any time can evaluate articles for their intellectual contents regardless of race, gender, sex, belief, religion, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the author.


The editor and journal staff may not disclose information about a published article to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, other editorial advisors, and publishers.

Disclosure and Privacy Policy

Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in the editor's research without the express written permission of the author. The names and email addresses of the author and coauthors entered in Nyayavimarsha Journal will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or any other part.

Acknowledgment of Sources

Authors must always duly acknowledge the picked work of others and must cite the influential publication in the determination the nature of their report/work. Authors are directed not to maintain or use the information obtained by conversation, private correspondence, or discussion with third parties (Except Authors, Co-Authors, and Publication Officials of Nyayavimarsha) without written permission from those.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

Authors must disclose any financial or other significant conflicts of interest that may affect the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project must be properly disclosed.

Fundamental errors in Published Works

When the author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her published work, the author must promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.

Conflict of Interest

Nyayavimarsha wishes that all authors, editors, and reviewers acknowledge upfront any relationship that they think could be said as resulting in a certain, potential, or perceived conflict of interest about the article. A conflict of interest may exist when an author, reviewer, or editor has personal or financial relationships that influence inappropriately his/her action.

These relationships vary from those with negligible potential to those with great potential to influence judgment and not all relationships represent true conflict of interest. The potential for a conflict of interest may exist regardless of whether the individual believes the relationship affects their scientific judgment, the most easily identified conflicts being financial or business relationships (eg, employment, consultants, stock holdings, fees, expert opinions). interest and is likely to undermine the journal's credibility, and conflicts between authors may also arise for other reasons, such as personal relationships, academic competition, or intellectual or ideological beliefs.

Authors are responsible for providing a detailed conflict of interest statement during manuscript submission. At the end of their manuscript, the author should disclose financial and personal relationships with organizations or people that could inappropriately influence their work. If there are no conflicts author must include this statement on the manuscript page “The Authors declare no potential conflict of interest”

When asked to review a manuscript, reviewers should disclose to editors any conflict of interest that could bias their opinions of the manuscript. If reviewers believe that they cannot judge a manuscript impartially because of contact with authors or possible conflicts of interest, they should decline the invitation to review and provide an explanation to the editor. If a reviewer is unsure whether the potential for bias exists, advice should be sought from the editor, reviewer, must not use knowledge of the manuscript under review before its publication to further their interest.

If the editor has a conflict of interest or a deanship relationship that may bias their treatment of the manuscript under consideration, they should excuse themselves from handling the manuscript.

Duties and Responsibilities of Author(s)

During submission of their manuscript in Nyayavimarsha Journal, Author(s) reports of original research should present an accurate account of the work and equitable discussion of the significance of their finding, data, procedure, and methods used in the research should be presented in sufficient detailed reference in their paper so that other researchers can replicate the work.

Authors must certify that their manuscripts are their original works, and if the authors have used the same work or the words of others duly credited, plagiarism, duplication, falsification of dates, and unnecessary publication are prohibited. All signs of plagiarism are taken very seriously. If there is a point of abuse, the script will be deleted immediately.  An author should not publish in general manuscripts described in essentially the same research in more than one journal as a primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal simultaneously is against the publication ethics and it also spoils the recognition of the journal

 An author must acknowledge the work of others. The author should cite the publication that has been influential in determining the nature of the reported work.

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her published work, the author is bound to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.

Copyright should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the design or interpretation of published research. All those (not exceeding two in number) who have made significant contributions should be listed as a co-author. Where those are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors.

The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included in the paper and that all the co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.

Authors must disclose any financial or other significant conflicts of interest in their manuscript. All financial support must be disclosed. During the submission of an article the respective authors that the article neither is under consideration nor published in another journal.

Duties and Responsibilities of Editorial Board

 In addition to many general duties, such as constantly improving the quality and integrity of the journal, striving to needs of authors and readers, encouraging academic debate, and others, the editors accept the obligation to apply best will and practice to cope with the following responsibilities:

 The Editorial board will be generated from recognized experts in the field. The editor will provide full names along with affiliations of the members as well as updated contact details for the editorial office on the journal webpage.

The editor should be accountable for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published. Decision-making should always be guided by confirming the work and its meaning to scholars and readers. The editor may be guided by the magazine's editorial policy and be restricted from such legal claims, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. An editor may consult with fellow editors or reviewers to make this decision.

All journal content must be peer-reviewed. Articles submitted for possible publication are subjected to a peer review process. Articles are first reviewed by editors. It can be immediately rejected by the editor, either because it does not cover the subject of this magazine or because it is clearly of poor quality and is not workable at all.

Editors must be prepared to justify any significant deviations from the described process. Editors should not reverse publication decisions unless serious problems are identified. Editors should publish guidelines for authors and reviewers on what is expected of them. This manual must be regularly updated.

The editors are not allowed to publish information about the submitted manuscript to anyone except the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisors, and the publisher. The editors ensure that submitted material remains confidential during the review. Unpublished material from a submitted manuscript may not be used in the editor's research without the express written permission of the author. Any confidential information or ideas obtained during peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal gain. Editors in order to rescue themselves should reject (ie, after asking an editor, associate editor, or another member of the editorial board to review and instead consider) manuscripts in which they have a conflict of interest arising from a competitive, collaborative, or other relationship or affiliation with any author. or a company. or (possibly) related documents. Editors should require all authors to disclose relevant competing interests and to publish corrections if competing interests emerge after publication.

Dealing with Unethical Behavior

Anyone can identify unethical behavior at any time and report it to the editor and publisher. Anyone who reports such behavior to an editor or publisher must provide sufficient information and evidence to initiate an investigation. All claims must be taken seriously and treated equally until a successful decision or conclusion is reached. Any reported unethical publishing behavior must be investigated, even if discovered years after publication.

The editor must take reasonable measures if ethical complaints have been presented to them about the submitted manuscript or publication. Such measures usually include contacting the author of the manuscript or paper and giving due consideration to the complaints or accusations made but may also include further communication with relevant authorities and investigative bodies, depending on the severity of the misconduct. A minor offense can be dealt with without the need for a wider hearing. In any case, the author should be allowed to respond to all allegations. Serious misconduct might require the application of one or more measures like Informing or educating the author or reviewer where there appears to be a misunderstanding or misapplication of acceptable standards. Or by publishing an official notice describing the breach. Or a formal letter to the head of the department or financial institution of the author or reviewer. Or formal retraction or withdrawal of a publication from the journal, in conjunction with informing the head of the author or reviewer's department

Note: For more information on ethical issues please read the COPE’s guidelines which might be helpful for authors as well as editors.